Industries in the Murray Region

What is on this page?

On this page you will be able to find all the information about industries that make up the Murray Region.



The industries in the Murray Region have changed from the last Census in 2011. In the past, we have been well known for our agricultural produce with most Local Government Area’s showing that at least one top industry would be in the agricultural field. This has not continued into 2016 with many Local Government Areas showing their top industries in the services fields including health and social services. There are a few reasons, one being the change in Local Government Area with the amalgamation for 8 of our Councils or Shires becoming 3 Council Areas and others combining with Councils out of the Murray Region.

Businesses in the Murray

In 2016 we have a total of 11882 businesses through out the Murray Region. With most businesses in the Agriculture sector and represents 28.6% of businesses in the region. With Construction (13.4%) and Rental (9.5) businesses also contributing largely to this area.


In 2016 we have a total of 5663 employed in agriculture or 4.9% of the Murray Regions employment. Which has increased by over 10% since 2011. Most of these jobs are in the agriculture field (91.4%) which includes Grain, Sheep and Beef Cattle Farming. With only a small amount in Aquaculture (0.15%) and Fishing, Hunting and Trapping(0.12%). While agriculture supportive services represent 6.3% of employees in this industry.


The Australian wheat industry is mainly an export oriented industry. Over the past five years the industry has faced volatile trade conditions, due to tough growing conditions that have impacted supply. More favourable planting conditions are expected to support good production levels over the coming years. The volume of exports from Australia is expected to rise slowly over the five years’ period in response to growing global demand, particularly in emerging markets in Asia. In 2012-13, wheat exports from NSW were estimated to be $1.1 billion, respectively with the Murray Region being a key producer representing over 23.1% of NSW. The Murray Region is an ideal growing location with rich soils, good rainfall and access to water by irrigation. The region will continue to feature as a major contributor of Australia’s wheat export industry.

Beef Production

The Australian beef industry has weathered some tough climate and economic conditions over the past five years. Varying weather patterns, volatile input prices and issues surrounding live exports have all contributed to the hardship of the sector. Overcoming these factors, the Australian beef cattle industry is expected to grow by 3.3% over the next year with much of this hinged on improved weather conditions and growth of demand for Australian live exports and meat products, particularly in Asia and the Middle East. Declining relationships from Indonesian buyers, however, is likely to slow overall export growth for the sector. In 2012-13, beef exports were estimated to be a combined $1.5 billion for Victoria and NSW with the Murray Region producing over 8.0% of the total meat cattle.

Meat Processing

The Australian meat processing industry includes a wide variety of processing activities including pork, poultry, beef, sheep, lamb and various other animal meats. Over the past five years, poor weather conditions have constrained supply for the meat processing sector in Australia, however growers have since experience stronger performance in response to improved climate and economic production to international markets. Competition in international markets is increasing, with Australia’s key competitions being the United States, Brazil, New Zealand, Canada, and Argentina. Establishment of Australian products in new export markets (particularly the Middle East and China) has been an initial success with significant experience modest growth along with lamb production. There are opportunities for Australian meat processing companies to respond to changing consumer trends by continuing to offer high quality product across a diverse range of consumer markets that include halal and certified organic meat production. Meat processing in the Murray Region employees almost 1,000 people, representing 6.7% of manufacturing employment in the region (the second largest food manufacturing sector after dairy). Supply-chain analysis shows that the region exports over $224 million in meat.

Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming

In the Murray Region, our top industry in 2011 for employment was in Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming and was top in LGA’s including Jerilderie, Balranald and Wakool. Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming is still significant in the Murray Region with all Local Government Areas in the region showing top responses in this industry except for the Albury area.

Dairy Industry

The value of Australian milk production was estimated to be $3.7 billion in 2012-13, and is forecast to increase to 4.3 billion in 2013-14. Total dairy exports from Australia in 2012-13 were valued at $2.2 billion and are estimated to increase to $3.0 billion in 2013-14 with key export markets being Japan (22.2%) and China (9.4%). World dairy product prices are forecast to average higher in 2014-15. Middle Wast are the driving force for the dairy industry at present. Rising farm-gate process for Australian farmers is good news for the industry which has experienced highs and lows over the past 20 years in Australia. The most recent would have to be the dairy cuts to farmers. This has had a divesting result for dairy farmers as most had to sell their dairy cattle for meat in 2017.

In response to stronger domestic and international dairy markets. Australian milk production is expected to increase, supported by stronger demand and prices as well as technology and management improvements adopted by the sector over the past 10 years. Overall, the Australian Dairy Industry is in a recovery phase that is benefiting from rising demand, strong prices and improved farming methods with international demand growth, particularly in Asia’s emerging markets, anticipated to drive the sector over the coming years.

The Murray Region is a major contributor to the Australian Dairy Industry and is estimated to represent almost 46% of domestic market and 22% of Australia’s export productive value. Dairy Australia (2014) estimated that 10,000 jobs are provided directly by the Murray Region dairy industry as part of the broader Australian sector that is estimated to employ 43,000 people. The rich soils, high rainfall climate and diverse geographical landscape that includes vast irrigation modernisation across the region is anticipated to boost productivity over the next decade. For dairy manufacturing activity, the region has several competitive advantages including land affordability, low cost labour, proximity to producers/ farm gate and connectivity with domestic and export markets. As a result, the region is home to a number of medium and large scale dairy manufacturing enterprises and is an attractive location for investment.


Mining in the Murray Region represents only a small faction of employees at 0.21% with 45.9% of employees in this field in metal ore mining. This industry has seen a slight decrease from 2011 of 3.5%.


Manufacturing in the Murray Region is the sixth highest industry of employment and represents 8.2% of employees in the region. The regions biggest manufacturing industry is in the food product manufacturing which is 27.2% of employees in the Manufacturing industry. From 2011 to 2016 it has also seen a increase of 15.3%. With the only manufacturing not produced in the region being Petroleum and Coal Product Manufacturing with no employees.

The Murray Region has also seen a decrease in this industry by 6.8% from 2011 to 2016. Mainly in Transport Equipment Manufacturing sector of 39.9%.

Electricity, Gas and Water Supply



Wholesale Trade Services

Retail Trade


Café and Restaurants


Road and Rail Transport

Major road and rail links to the capital cities is a significant logistics advantage for the Murray Region based businesses. Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra, and Adelaide are all readily accessible by road. Regular rail freight services to Melbourne and Brisbane are provided by the Ettamogah Rail Hub, located 10km from the Albury CBD. With transport a logistics key factors in a business planning strategy, many national companies base their manufacturing operations or warehousing, using the Murray region as a major distribution point for south-eastern Australia. Many of Australia’s major transport and logistics businesses operate in the Albury Wodonga area, including Ron Finemore, Greenfeight, TNT, Border Express, Mayne Nickless Express, the Toll Group and Albury Freight Distribution.


Air Transport

The Murray Region has enviable airline access to major cities, significantly reducing travel time for business operators and visitors. It operates onw of the busiest provincial airports in regional Australia at Albury-Wodonga. The airport service daily by Qantas Link, Virgin Australia and Regional Express. More than 200 flights per week pass through the Albury Airport, which equates to more than 300,000 passengers annually. The airport is conveniently situated just minutes from Albury. Charter flight and flight training centres are located at this location with local aerodromes linking the Murray River to a network of aviation facilities.

Water Transport





Business Services

Government Administration



Murrumbidgee Health District
The health industry has adapted and made changes to survive and thrive in the Murray Region. Some of the major health systems in this region include Albury Wodonga Health which was established in 2009 and the Murrumbidgee Local Health District. Due to the rural and remote status of most of the Murray Region, the health industry has unique characteristics. These include fewer specialists available, less infrastructure and have to prepare to reach out the larger rural population. The more major health systems rely on local GP’s and medical centre to focus on their communities and reduce the number of people needing specialists and intensive medical care. In the Murray Region, the Health Care and Social Assistance is the biggest growing industry from 2006 to 2011 with over 13,000 people working in this sector. We also have over 1,500 people working at hospitals through the region. Health and Social Assistance is higher than national and state levels with the Murray area having 11.9% of the population in health and social services. In the region we have seven hospitals in Wentworth, Barham, Finley, Tocumwal, Berrigan and Deniliquin. In other smaller centres, we have health services that cater to a smaller community with its needs with general needs being serviced and other needs having to travel to receive treatment. Our hospital admissions have been growing since 2005 to 2015. This could be many contributing factors including how the population is becoming more aware of their health due to the abundant amounts of information and prevention awareness has been placed into communities. We also know the new generations are known risk takers, and this could result in more injuries and therefore more hospital admissions. This increases the need for more doctors and nurses with the rising number of admissions into the hospital. Outside of hospital admissions, there are also specialist occupations in the health industry. Nurses have seen some regulations changes that have changed the number of nurses in smaller areas which could have effects on Emergency services.

Community Services


Recreational Services















Industies in the Murray